The Center for Poverty Research facilitates research using a diverse set of approaches across academic disciplines to answer critical questions about poverty and its solutions. The Center engages faculty research affiliates in the departments of Economics, Sociology, Psychology, Political Science, Agricultural Economics, Human and Community Development, Chicano Studies, and the Schools of Education, Engineering and Law.
Understanding poverty, shaping the future of poverty research.
The Center was established in 2011 with core funding from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as one of three federally designated Poverty Research Centers whose mission is to facilitate non-partisan academic research in the United States.
The Center has four primary poverty-related research themes:
Labor Markets and Poverty
The Non-cash Safety Net (including education and health policies)
Children and Intergenerational Mobility
Immigration and Poverty
State-of-the-art interdisciplinary research and training opportunities
Conferences and seminars featuring renowned poverty scholars
Dissemination activities that bring Center research studies to the widest possible audience of policy-makers and stakeholders at state and national levels
Visiting scholar and visiting graduate student programs designed to expand the network of poverty researchers beyond the UC Davis campus
An extramural grant program aimed at mentoring a new generation of scholars
An interdisciplinary course on Poverty and Public Policy for graduate students and advanced undergraduates
The Center is located at UC Davis and is led by a director, deputy director, and executive committee consisting of UC Davis faculty, along with a national advisory board consisting of nationally known poverty scholars. Three staff positions support the Center, a manager, a program assistant and a senior writer.
Funding for our research projects between September 2011 and September 2016 were made possible by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). All projects funded by the Center for Poverty Research during that period should include the following language:
“Funding for this project was made possible in part by grant number 1H79AE000100-1 to the UC Davis Center for Poverty Research from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Analysis (ASPE), which was awarded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services.”
The University of California, Davis, will join a select group of institutions studying a topic that is a dreadful reality to millions of Americans.
UC Davis has received a $4 million grant from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to establish a Center for Poverty Research. It will be one of three U.S. centers designated to study the causes and effects of policies aimed at addressing poverty in the United States. The other centers are at Stanford University and the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
The official poverty rate is 13.5 percent, based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2015 estimates. That year, an estimated 43.1 million Americans lived in poverty according to the official measure. According to supplemental poverty measure, the poverty rate was 14.3 percent.
The U.S. Census Bureau defines “deep poverty” as living in a household with a total cash income below 50 percent of its poverty threshold. According to the Census Bureau, in 2015 19.4 million people lived in deep poverty. Those in deep poverty represented 6.1 percent of the total population and 45 percent of those in poverty.
Un salario mínimo es el salario más bajo que empleadores pueden legalmente pagar a su empleados. La primer ley del salario mínimo fue promulgada en 1894 en Nueva Zelandia.
Al aprobar del Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), el salario mínimo en Estados Unidos fue inicialmente establecida a $0.25 por hora para trabajadores cubierto. Desde entonces, se aumentó 22 veces—recientemente, en julio del 2009, a $7.25 por hora.
En 2013, 45.3 millones de personas eran pobres. La mayoría de estas personas que viven debajo del índice federal de la pobreza no trabajan. Según los datos del Bureau of Labor Statistics, solo 10.5 millones o 23 por ciento de los pobres eran “trabajadores pobres.”
Desde que fue instituido en 1938, el salario mínimo federal ha establecido un piso mínimo para salarios. Aunque no todos los trabajadores son elegibles, ofrece un mínimo de ingresos para los trabajadores que son menos pagados.
A minimum wage is the lowest wage that employers may legally pay to workers. The first minimum wage law was enacted in 1894 in New Zealand.
With the passage of The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), the U.S. minimum wage was initially set at $0.25 per hour for covered workers. Since then, it has been raised 22 separate times–most recently, in July 2009, to $7.25 an hour.
The U.S.D.A.’s Economic Research Service monitors the extent and severity of food insecurity in U.S. households through a supplement to the Current Population Survey. Responses to a series of 18 questions are used to determine whether a household is food insecure.
The official poverty statistics do not track individuals or households over time so there are no official data on poverty spells.
Despite the lack of official data, other surveys do provide the ability to track poverty status over time. Two recent studies have used differing data sources and methods to provide some insight into the characteristics of poverty spells.
In 2014, about 1.3 million U.S. workers age 16 and over earned exactly the prevailing federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour. Another 1.7 million had wages below the federal minimum. Together these workers make up 4 percent of all hourly paid workers.
The “working poor” are people who spend 27 weeks or more in a year in the labor force either working or looking for work but whose incomes fall below the poverty level. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 9.5 million of people who spent at least 27 weeks in the labor force were poor. That year, the working poor comprised 6.3 percent of all individuals in the labor force.
In 2015, poverty rates across the four Census geographic regions ranged from 11.7 percent in the Midwest, 12.4 percent in the Northeast, 13.3 percent in the West and 15.3 percent in the South. Because of the South’s largest share of the total U.S. population, it has the largest number of people who live in poverty compared to any other region.