How does poverty relate to health insurance coverage?
Data from the Census Bureau and the National Center for Health Statistics

 

According to data from the Census Bureau,  in 2014

  • 12% of people under age 65 had no health insurance
  • 6% of all children were uninsured
  • those ages 26-34 were least likely to be insured (18% uninsured)

Between 2008 and 2013, the uninsured rate was relatively stable. In 2014, the uninsured rate decreased by nearly 3%, which was the largest change in the uninsured rate throughout this period.

In 2014, non-Hispanic Whites had the lowest uninsured rate among race and Hispanic-origin groups, at 8%. The uninsured rates for Blacks and Asians were higher than for non-Hispanic Whites, at 12% and 9%, respectively. Hispanics had the highest uninsured rate in 2014, at 20%.

According to survey data from the National Center for Health Statistics, in 2014

  • 6% of children below the poverty level were uninsured
  • 19% of children between 100%-200% of the poverty level were uninsured
  • 4% of children above 200% of the poverty level were uninsured

For adults ages 18-64, in 2012 the NCHS data show

  • 32% of those below the poverty level were uninsured
  • 31% of those between 100%-200% of the poverty level were uninsured
  • 9% of those above 200% of the poverty level were uninsured

Sources:

Smith, Jessica C. and Carla Medalia, Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2014, U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, P60-253, Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2014, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015. (PDF). Accessed 9/25/2015
Cohen RA, Martinez ME. Health insurance coverage: Early release of estimates from the National Health Interview Survey, 2014. National Center for Health Statistics. September 2013. (PDF) Accessed 9/25/2015

How is poverty related to access to care and preventive healthcare?
Data from the Centers for Disease Control

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention produce data on health and healthcare in the United States.  Health, United States includes a variety of tables with breakdowns by poverty status.

Health and Poverty
Health, United States from the CDC

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes the statistical annual Health, United States.   

The Uninsured
Statistics from the Census Bureau

 

The Census Bureau produces estimates of health insurance coverage in the United States at various levels of geography.

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