The War on Poverty launched two major health and nutrition safety net programs. The Food Stamps program (today known as SNAP) was established in 1964. A year later, Medicare and Medicaid were established as amendments to the Social Security Act. These are only two programs designed to combat the impact poverty has on health.
In this presentation, at the January 2014 War on Poverty Conference, Hilary Hoynes discusses her research on the food stamp program in the U.S. and the program’s impact over the past 50 years.
Hoynes is a Professor of Public Policy and Economics, and Haas Distinguished Chair in Economic Disparities at the University of California, Berkeley. She is a Research Affiliate for the UC Davis Center for Poverty Research and is co-editor of the leading journal in economics, American Economic Review.
In this presentation, Kenneth Chay discusses how the 1966 Fair Labor and Standards Act, which expanded protections to some farm workers and increased the minimum wage, impacted hospital costs, employment and Medicare.
Chay is a Professor of Economics and Community Health at Brown University, as well as a Research Associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research.
People with lower socio-economic status are much more likely to develop heart disease than those who are wealthier or better educated, according to a recent study by Faculty Affiliate Peter Franks, a professor of Family and Community Medicine at UC Davis.
“Being poor or having less than a high school education can be regarded as an extra risk when assessing a patient’s chances of developing cardiovascular disease,” said Franks.
The literature is far from settled as to what casual impact (if any) the modern Food Stamp Program (FSP) has on nutrition and health. This study explores the impact of the FSP, one of the largest antipoverty programs in the United States (comparable in cost to the earned income tax credit and substantially larger than Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program) in an attempt to understand FSP effects.
A central question in public finance, one that has generated decades of research, is how tax and transfer programs affect labor supply. Treating food stamp benefits as an income transfer, Research Affiliate Hilary Hoynes uses a quasi-experimental approach to estimate the impact of the program on labor supply.
One in five children in the United States is the child of immigrants. These new Americans, most of whom are U.S. citizens, are more than twice as likely as children of natives to have no health insurance. Prior research has shown that differences in income or employment between native and immigrant parents do not account for the disparity in coverage.