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Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)
Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates for School Districts, Counties, and States

 

The U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program provides annual estimates of income and poverty statistics for all school districts, counties, and states.

The main objective of this program is to provide estimates of income and poverty for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions.

Image of Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)In addition to these federal programs, state and local programs use the income and poverty estimates for distributing funds and managing programs.

Frequency and Timespan: Mostly annual from 1989 to the present

Geographic Level of Coverage: States, counties and school disticts

Tables and maps are available online

Source:
U.S. Census Bureau.Model-based Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) for School Districts, Counties, and States (Web Site) Accessed 7/9/2014

FAQ

How is poverty measured in the United States?
Thresholds, guidelines and other estimates

Image of How is poverty measured in the United States?

 

There are two official measures of poverty: poverty guidelines and poverty thresholds.  Both of these measures are intended to identify the level of income necessary to meet basic needs and are updated annually.

FAQ

How does geography relate to poverty?
Official data for region and residence

Image of How does geography relate to poverty?

 

In 2012, the nation’s official poverty rate was 15%.  The poverty rates by geographic region were:

  • 14% in the Northeast
  • 13% in the Midwest
  • 16% in the South
  • 15% in the West
FAQ

What do we know about the geographic concentration of poverty?
Estimates from the American Community Survey

Image of What do we know about the geographic concentration of poverty?

 

In 2010, 15% of people lived in poverty.  Poverty is not evenly distributed across neighborhoods and every state has neighborhoods with higher than average poverty rates. 

Census tracts with poverty rates above 20% are considered “poverty areas.”

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